The world has witnessed huge climate related changes over the past decades, mainly owing to the phenomena of Global Warming. Indeed, as meteorologists and scientists have forewarned, global warming is taking its toll at an alarmingly fast pace and making climates around the world unstable and unpredictable.
The tropical nirvana of Costa Rica is not exempt from this impending natural disaster. In fact, this country, in similarity to all the others which are located near the equator, has commenced to experience the wrath of nature due to this phenomenon.
Costa Rica’s geographical position in the tropics, gives it only two seasons: rainy and sunny seasons. From December to April the sun mightily shines; and from May to November, the rain takes over and pours life from the heavens. There are some years when the seasons might come or end a little earlier or later, but that is normal. However, the recent events including the widespread heavy flooding which has been resulting in frequent land and mud slides in many areas north of Costa Rica; are not results of a normal weather system. This has been brought forth by global warming.
When we hear the words Global Warming, we usually interpret them literally; and inadvertently think that it results in the overall heating of the world. Although it is true, but to the fact that the world is indeed getting warm because the reflected heat in summers is not able to be sent away from earth due to layers of pollution in the sky. This also means that the heat is causing the tropics to melt, which is resulting in the temperatures and currents around the world to become erratic, making winters cooler and summers to become more hotter with the passage of time. The heat in the oceans is what triggers enormous hurricanes or cyclones and this is primarily the reason why today we have more storms, quantitatively and qualitatively speaking.
Costa Rica is amongst the many countries to have firsthand experience of the after effects of global warming. During summer, the place can get hotter than it usually is, making the summers a deterrent for the tourists. Although tourists do appreciate a 30-degree Celsius temperature on the beach, the moment it climbs to 35 degrees, the heat appears scorching, giving a smoldering impression.
In the winters or the rainy season, the situation gets worse. When we say ‘it is rainy in the tropics,’ we mean exactly that, but recently the volume of rain has increased by many folds. Tourists who might go hiking to inland mountains or volcanoes are in great danger indeed because sometimes the weather can be extremely unpredictable. Just in November last year, almost 20 people were buried when a mud slide hit the town of San Antonio Piscazu. Thousands were also displaced, including a few hundred locals and tourists. Everybody knew it could have been much, much worse.
These disasters already have and will continue to have a negative effect on the attraction of tourists in Costa Rica. Realizing the impact on this economically proficient industry of this country, the government immediately set up pro-environment policies, which has yielded positive results already as the country has actually suffered minimal climate change, as compared to some other tropically located nations such as the Philippines etc. Tourists, although relatively smaller in number, still continue to flock Costa Rica and the local government continues to maintain its stance in protecting and maintaining their beautiful and rich environment, towards the common interest of the tourists as well as the nation.